1. Home
  2. Member Resources
  3. Pathology Careers
  4. Pathology Subspecialties 

Pathology Subspecialties

One reason pathology is such an exciting field is because there are so many areas in which you can subspecialize. Evaluate what’s next on your career path as you consider fellowship training and the type of work you’d like to do.

As you start to narrow the options of where you can see yourself practicing, check out the board-certified pathology subspecialties below to get an idea of their training, case volume, patient interaction, and what a typical day in practice might look like.

  • Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine

    The practice of laboratory and clinical medicine concerned with all aspects of blood transfusion, cellular therapies, and apheresis. Read more about Blood Banking/Transfusion Medicine.

  • Clinical Chemistry

    The division in medical laboratory sciences focused on selecting and interpreting clinical chemistry tests and directing the clinical chemistry section of the clinical laboratory. Learn more about clinical pathology.

  • Cytopathology

    The subspecialty of pathology dedicated to the study and diagnosis of human disease manifested in tissues at a cellular level. Check out more on cytopathology.

  • Dermatopathology

    The study and diagnosis of diseases of the skin and adjacent mucous membranes, cutaneous appendages, hair, nails, and subcutaneous tissues by histological, histochemical, immunological, ultrastructural, molecular, and microbiological techniques. Check out more about dermatopathology.

  • Forensic Pathology

    The application of the principles of medicine and pathology to the study of sudden, unexpected, suspicious, and violent death to determine the mechanism, cause, and manner of death. Read more about forensic pathology.

  • General Pathology

    The practice of pathology which works to establish diagnoses, monitor disease progression and treatment, determine disease risk and cause of death, and oversee blood and cellular transfusions. Learn more about general pathology.

  • Hematopathology

    The subspecialty of pathology concerned with studying and diagnosing human diseases involving hematolymphoid cells and tissues and blood coagulation. Check out more on hematopathology.

  • Informatics

    The subspecialty of all medical specialties that transforms health care by analyzing, designing, implementing, and evaluating information and communication systems to improve patient care. Read more about clinical informatics.

  • Medical Microbiology

    The practice of pathology concerned primarily with the laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and control of infectious diseases. Learn more about medical microbiology.

  • Molecular Pathology

    The subspecialty of medical genetics, genomics, and pathology in which the principles, theory, and technologies of molecular biology and molecular genetics are used to make or confirm clinical diagnoses. Read more on molecular pathology.

  • Neuropathology

    The pathology subspecialty dealing with the tissue-based diagnosis of diseases affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems, skeletal muscle, and eye. Learn more about neuropathology.

  • Pediatric Pathology

    The practice of pathology concerned with the study and diagnosis of human disease manifested in the embryo, fetus, infant, child, and adolescent. Learn more about pediatric pathology.

Be a Part of the CAP Community

Residents and Medical Students are invited to join the CAP to gain access to members-only content and other benefits.